Our phonic teaching aims to ensure all children are fluent readers by the time they reach the end of phase 5 of Letters and Sounds.
Children will be confident spellers, using segmenting as their first approach to spelling.
The curriculum, teaching and learning
Consistency across the school, in our approach to teaching phonics, is key to its success. We use Jolly Phonics to teach initial letter sounds and actions and games and activities to teach the application through reading and spelling activities.
Progression in phonics
Nursery: children will be introduced to letters and sounds mainly through the environment which should be language rich – displays, squidgy letters, letter stamps, listening centre etc. Children will be assessed at Phase One.
Reception: Phase One will be consolidated before moving onto Phase Two. Children will have a discrete daily 20 minute phonic lesson. Children should be able to read and spell nearly all high frequency Phase Two words before moving onto Phase Three.
Year One: Phase Three will be consolidated before moving onto Phase Four. No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase but children learn to blend and segment words with adjacent consonants e.g. swim, clap and jump. Children are also taught to blend and segment longer words with more than one syllable. Consolidation of previous phases will ensure that children can read and spell all high frequency words, including tricky words.
Year Two: Previous consolidation of phases should allow children to progress onto Phase Five at the beginning of Year 2. In this phase children learn the ‘complex code’ by learning more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus they learn different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know eg tin, mind.
Useful Websites and Documents