What is Philosophy for Children?
Philosophy for Children or P4C is an approach to teaching and learning which aims to enhance children’s communication and thinking skills, increase their self-awareness and self-esteem and, in turn, improve their academic attainment.
During P4C sessions, children are taught how to create their own philosophical questions and they then choose one that is the focus of an enquiry. The underlying principle is for children to experience rational and reasonable dialogue, and develop skills which enable them to navigate discussions and debates about things that matter to them.
Through the teaching of P4C, we aim to encourage children to:
- Listen and communicate effectively
- Demonstrate an awareness and respect for other arguments and the values of others
- Express themselves effectively and with confidence
- Justify their own thoughts and opinions with respect and eloquence
- Structure their thoughts in a way that they make sense to others
- Develop critical thinking skills
- Think and respond with empathy and care for others
- Think collaboratively in order to build on the ideas of others
- Use creative thinking skills to think of new ideas and suggest alternatives
P4C at Pleasant Street
Each half term classes take part in a Diversity Morning where work is based around themes from the PSHE and SRE curriculum. The themes in the texts are used as a stimulus for P4C enquiries, giving the children a chance to think about and discuss key principles. This offers the opportunity for children to think more deeply and philosophically, encouraging them to develop skills of diplomacy and an awareness of others, which can be carried with them throughout their life.